Traveling with the Atom

Allegheny College

Compiled by Glen E. Rodgers
Jennifer Sexton

The University of Karlsruhe, one of the places where Meyer taught.
Lothar Meyer
German chemist
Academy of Science in Heidelberg with the ruins of castle above. (click here to see where I got this picture)

Co-discover of the Periodic Table 
Julius Lothar Meyer was active in many fields of chemistry. He taught at Breslau, Karlsruhe, and Tübingen after from 1876. Meyer is best known for his work in the development of the periodic law. He received the Davy medal in 1882, with Mendeleev. Meyer established independent of Mendeleyev, the principles underlying the periodic table of the elements. "He did not publish this work until after the appearance of Mendeleev's first paper on the subject in 1869. His table was very similar to that of Mendeleev, but it contained some improvements and was, perhaps, influential in causing some of the revisions made by Mendeleev in the second version of his table, published in 1870. In general, Meyer was more impressed by the periodicity of the physical properties of the elements, while Mendeleev saw more clearly the chemical consequences of the periodic law."1
He also evolved the atomic volume curve (1869), which represented graphically the relation between the atomic weights and the atomic volumes of the elements. (click here to see the atomic volume curve) In Meyer's later years he contributions organic chemistry by the concept that the carbon atoms in benzene were arranged in a ring, though he did not propose the alternation of single and double bonds that later became included in the structure by Kekulé.

Web Sources of Biographical Information
 Selection is taken from Meyer's paper in Annalen der Chemie, Supplementband.
Meyer on the Chemical Achievers site.
Meyer From Wikipedia

Some Web Sources on the History of Atomic Scientists:
The History of Chemistry 1992 Woodrow Wilson Summer Institute
Selected Classic Papers from the History of Chemistry
Classic Papers from the History of Chemistry (and Some Physics too)
Classic Chemistry compiled by Carmen Giunta
History of Science website by Charlesworth
Center for the History of Physics
Echo Exploring & Collecting History Online
Atom: The Incredible World: The History of Atomistics
Nobel Prize WebPage
Biographies of Famous Chemists, University of Liverpool
University of Pennsylvania Biographies
Chemistry: A History
Famous Scientists greatly who contributed to "electro" science: electricity, electromagnetism,
electrical technology, electronics, electrical telegraphy, radio, electrochemistry, electromedicine, etc.
Elements and Atoms: Case Studies in the Development of Chemistry

Selected Biographical Books, Sections of Books, and Articles
Full biographical information on Sacks' book Uncle Tungsten pp. 201-02
Full biographical information on Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology NA home page
Barnes and Noble home page

Some Scientific/Historical Traveling Sites
Heidelberg Germany, tourist attractions  (click here)
Read about someone elses trip visiting the various leading scientific institutions in South-West Germany. Including a description about Heidelberg. (click here)
Map of Heidelberg Germany  (click here)
Find a Grave Website

* see following Rodgers link to scientific/historical sites for further information.
(1) Taken from The Scientific Traveler, Charles Tanford and Jacqueline, John Wiley & Sons, NY (1992).
(2) Taken from A Travel Guide to Scientific Sites of the British Isles, Charles Tanford and Jacqueline Reynolds, John Wiley & Sons, NY (1995).
(3) Taken from Guide of Eurpoean Museums with collections on History of Chemistry, compiled by Jan W. van Spronsen, Federation of European Societies, Antwerp (1996)

Links to Dr. Rodgers' Scientific/Historical Sites will be available here.

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